Origin of the Elements:

Video Clips from Nat Geo’s Naked Science Series

“Birth of the Universe - Space - How was the Universe Created?”

Video Description:
Our Universe Unimaginably vast and inspiringly beautiful, from billions of galaxies and unaccountable stars, to our solar system, the Plant Earth, the air we breathe, even our bodies-where did it all come from?  We travel through space and time to reveal the amazing story of how the universe was born, how it created everything in our world, and eventually how it will die. What is the Big Bang? How do we know it happened? After 14 billion years the universe has only really got started. We have a complex cosmos with life on earth. But How will the Universe die? This is the incredible story of the universe from creation to destruction. We take you on the amazing journey through the deepest depths of space and dive into the centre of an atom to reveal that we are cosmic individuals.


Clip #1: (0:00-4:00)   Intro Age of Atoms (4:03)


Clip #2: (4:00-5:10)   Edwin Hubble in the 1920s
                            noted that the Universe is Expanding (1:13)


Clip #3: (5:10-6:54)   Expanding After Big Bang (1:59)


Clip #4: (6:55-8:18)   Universe was Pure Energy  E=mc2
                       Baby Universe created Matter and Antimatter
(Combined with Clip#4)

Clip #5: (8:18-9:29)   Annihilation Matter/Antimatter
                      But Count 100,000,001 to 100,000, 000  particles (2:32)
Universe is just one millionth of a second old


Clip #6: (9:30-12:55)   Brookhaven Collider
-                              Universe was Pure Liquid (3:26)
After 3 minutes cooled to allow


Clip #7: (12:56-13:55)  Protons and Neutrons to bond,
                                then 380,000 years no atoms (1:04)


Clip #8: (13:55-19:49) First Atoms Formed
                               First Hydrogen then Helium (5:55)


Clip #9: (19:49-26:30) Tiny Cracks in the Universe
      allowed Elements bigger than Hydrogen or Helium to form (6:41)



Clip #10 (26:30-32:30 ) Line Spectrum and
           – NASA Hubble Space Telescope Repair Mission -- (6:00)



Clip #11 (32:30-33:40 ) Fusion Reactions Created Elements,
                                            ending with IRON
                                            Elements Not Complete (1:09)
(Universe 500 million years old)



Clip #12 (33:40- 40:10) Supernova Events
              Super Creative Phase-Restarts Element Assembly Line –                                     

                               produce 8 billion degrees heat to cause
                               Fusion of elements heavier than Iron (6:31)




Clip #13 (40:10-end ) Supernovas Type A
                             Predicts the End of the Universe (9:23)