Chapter 1 Matter, Measurement, and Problem Solving


1.1 Atoms and Molecules

1.2 The Scientific Approach to Knowledge

      The Nature of Science: Thomas S. Kuhn and Scientific Revolutions

1.3 The Classification of Matter

      The States of Matter: Solid, Liquid, and Gas

      Classifying Matter according to Its Composition: Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures

      Separating Mixtures

1.4 Physical and Chemical Changes and Physical and Chemical Properties

1.5 Energy: A Fundamental Part of Physical and Chemical Change

1.6 The Units of Measurement

      Standard Units

      The Meter: A Measure of Length

      The Kilogram: A Measure of Mass

      The Second: A Measure of Time

      The Kelvin: A Measure of Temperature

      Prefix Multipliers

      Derived Units: Volume and Density

      Calculating Density

      Chemistry and Medicine: Bone Density

1.7 The Reliability of a Measurement

      Counting Significant Figures

      Exact Numbers

      Significant Figures in Calculations

      Precision and Accuracy

      Chemistry in Your Day: Integrity in Data Gathering

1.8 Solving Chemical Problems

     Converting from One Unit to Another

     General Problem-Solving Strategy

     Units Raised to a Power

     Order-of-Magnitude Estimations

     Problems Involving an Equation

 CHAPTER IN REVIEW: Self-Assessment Quiz

    Key Terms

    Key Concepts

    Key Equations and Relationships

    Key Learning Outcomes

    EXERCISES: Review Questions

    Problems by Topic

    Cumulative Problems

    Challenge Problems

    Conceptual Problems

    Questions for Group Work

    Data Interpretation and Analysis

   Answers to Conceptual Connections